Fiddler on the Roof concerns Tevya and his family, residents of a Jewish village in czarist Russia. One by one, his daughters get married to men he has increasing difficulty accepting. The show features music by Jerry Bock, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, and a book by Joseph Stein. The original Broadway production of the show, which opened in 1964, was the first musical theater production in history to exceed 3,000 performances. It won the 1965 Tony Award for Best Musical in addition to eight other Tonys. The Yiddish translation was crafted by noted Israeli actor-director Shraga Friedman in 1965, just one year after the musical's Broadway premiere.