Picnic was based on one of William Inge's earliest attempts at playwriting - Front Porch - which he had written in 1952. In it, he unevenly wove together a character study about several women and the idea of "porch culture", basing it on three real-life school teacher boarders who lived at his mother's boarding house when he was a child. He later expanded the plot and included several male characters. By doing this, he effectively created an exploration into small town life and produced an interesting contrast of sexual impropriety and the American Dream. The play opened on Broadway in February 1953 and went on to win the Pulitzer Prize for Drama, the Outer Circle Award, the New York Drama Critic's Award, the Donaldson Award and the Theatre Club Award. The movie adaptation received two Academy Awards® and a Golden Globe Award, and was listed as one of the ten best films of 1955. Picnic was revived on Broadway in 1994 with Ashley Judd in the role of Madge. The revival was nominated for three Tony Awards®.