Tony Award nominee Warren Carlyle (A Christmas Story) directs and choreographs the musical, which is set to play seven performances from May 8-12.
Baranski will play Peggy Porterfield alongside fellow-Tony Award winner Karen Ziemba as Lil Dolan.
Also in the cast will be Kelli Barrett (Frankie Frayne), Walter Bobbie (Sergei Alexandrovitch), Jeremy Cohen (Sidney Cohn), Dalton Harrod (Young Junior), Randy Skinner (Phil Dolan II), and Shonn Wiley (Junior).
Dancers Irina Dvorovenko (American Ballet Theater) and Joaquin De Luz (New York City Ballet) will play Vera Baronova and Konstantine Morrosine, respectively.
The ensemble will include Adam Bashian, Brandon Bieber, Justin Bowen, Abby Church, Rachel Coloff, Steve Czarnecki, Christine DiGiallonardo, Deanna Doyle, Ashlee Dupre, Sara Edwards, Jason Michael Evans, Kurt Froman, Luke Hawkins, Jessy Hendrickson, Beth Johnson-Nicely, Drew King, Mark Mackillop, Sean McGibbon, Mara Newberry, David Scott Purdy, Ariel Shepley, Nicholas Sipes, Kathy Voytkoand, and Alex Wong.
The original production of On Your Toes opened on Broadway in 1936 and played 315 performances. With music by Richard Rodgers, lyrics by Lorenz Hart, and a book by Rodgers, Hart, and George Abbott, the show has been twice revived on Broadway, in 1954 and 1983.
The City Center Encores! series produces three productions of not-often-seen musicals each season, complete with a full orchestra on stage.
For more information on City Center Encores!, click here.
New York City Center is located at 131 West 55th Street.